Forest Science

The Graduate School in Forest Science, at Master and PhD levels, had the participation of the following departaments: General Biology, Plant Biology, Rural Economics, Forestry Engineering, Phytotechnics, Informatics, Chemistry and Soils. The student will join the Forestry Engineering Department, under the supervision of the Orientation Committee.

BIO 600. Biology analytical methods. Visible and ultraviolet spectrophotometry. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Flame and plasma emission spectrophotometry. radioisotopic techniques. pH buffer solution. Centrifugation. Electrophoresis polyacrylamide gel. Chromatography conventional column. High performance column chromatography.

BIO 610. Cell Biology. Cell as a unit of biological activity. Methods of studying cells. Biomacromolecules. Cell surface. Endocytosis and intracellular digestion. Role of peroxisomes in cell physiology. Mitochondria functional organization. Chloroplasts functional organization. Cell nucleus and cycle. Endoplasmic reticulum. Golgi complex. Cytoskeleton. Cell plant and differentiation.

BIO 611. Cell Biology Laboratory. Light microscope – bright field. Fluorescence microscopy. Polarization microscopy. Phase contrast microscopy. Basics of confocal microscopy. Basics of image analysis and photomicroscopy. Preparation of frequently used solutions in the processing of biological materials for microscopy. Processing of biological materials to prepare permanent sheets using methacrylate type resins. Cytochemistry. Basics of transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Extraction and dosage of cellular chemical components. Laboratories visits involved with the processing and analysis of biological materials for light and electronic microscopy.

BIO 641. Genetics population. Genetics probability. Genetic make up of population. Changes in gene frequencies: systematic and dispersive processes. Endogamy.

BQI 600. General Biochemistry. Proteins and enzymes. Nucleic acids and macromolecule biosynthesis. Carbohydrates, lipids and membranes. Cellular Metabolism.

BQI 620. Enzymology. Enzyme structure. Enzymes as biological catalysts. Enzymes classification. Enzymatic kinetics. Graphing methods for enzymatic kinetics data. Enzymatic inhibition. Allosteric and multi-site enzymes. Enzyme purification.

BVE 612 Vegetal Anatomy. Plant body origin and organization. Primary meristems. Simple fabrics. Secondary meristems. Complex fabrics. Vegetative organs. Reproductive organs.

BVE 619. Plants Morphogenesis. General aspects of plant body organization. Gene expression and cell determination. Coordination and control of vegetative and reproductive development. In vitro morphogenesis.

BVE 671 Plant Nutrition and Metabolism. Carbohydrates use, lipids and reserve proteins. Breath. Cell wall biosynthesis. Greening. Carbon economy. Acquisition and assimilation of nitrogen.

BVE 672 Plant Growth and Development. Morphological and structural aspects of development. Growth substances and their metabolism. Mechanisms of action of growth substances. Vegetative growth and regulation. Apical dominance. Phytochrome and cryptochrome. Circadian rhythms. Movements. Photomorphogenesis. Flowering. Fruit development. Germination and dormancy. Senescence and abscission.

BVE 674 Vegetal Ecophysiology. Plant in the ecosystem. Radiation in the ecosystem. Mineral elements use and cycling. Water in the plant and the ecosystem. Interaction between plants: competition.

BVE 678 Trees Physiology. Carbon balance. Water relations. Nutrients and tree growth. Propagation of woody plants. Growth in extension. Exchange rate physiology. Root growth. Reproductive development.

BVE 770 Physiology of Abiotic Stress in Plants. Abiotic stresses. Molecular bases of stress resistance. Luminous stress. Supra-optimal temperatures and thermal shock. Cooling and freezing stress. Water stress and drought resistance. Oxygen deficiency. Salinity. Environment pollution.

CIV 637 Geographic Information Systems. Geographic information systems. Spatial information concepts. Map data representation. Geographic database concept. Digital Elevation Models. Spatial Analysis. Strategic decision analysis. Case studies.

CIV 646 Urban Hydrographic Basins. Urban river basins. Urbanization impacts. Urban hydrology. Urban flooding. Micro and macrodrainage. Direct runoff. Soil infiltration and storage. Urban erosion and sediment production. Qualitative aspects of runoff in urban areas. Drainage basin urban restoration. Strategic decision analysis application in urban drainage basin.

ENF 600 Dendrology. Survey of species with economic value or recognized use, in Brazil.

ENF 606 Forest Typology. Auto-ecology. Specific ecological factors. Climatic methods for evaluating productivity. Height, diameter and other parameters use. Vegetation as an evaluative element. Soil and topography and special methods, serving as technical bases for determining the quality of the site.

ENF 608 Ecology and Forest Restoration. Restoration ecology terminology and concepts. Environmental gradients and the distribution of tree species. Nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. Ecological succession and natural regeneration. Phytogeography and phytosociology applied to forest restoration. Restoration through nucleation techniques. Restoration through total area planting. Assessment and monitoring indicators for restored areas.

ENF 610 Remote Sensing. Remote sensing concept and history. Nature and sources of electromagnetic energy measured by remote sensing systems. Interaction between energy and matter. Remote data acquisition. Pre-processing digital data. Orbital images automatic classification. Thematic images interpretation. Data use in land cover studies.

ENF 612. Geographic Information Systems introduction. Concept and importance. Data models. Georeferenced database creation. Algebraic operations. Spatial modeling. Case studies.

ENF 613 Geographic Information Systems advanced Topics. Conceptualization and importance. Spatial data acquisition. Maps preparation. Models network. Spatial modeling.

ENF 627 Forestry Measurement. Forestry measurement scientific method. Dendrometry and forest inventory special case studies. Productive capacity determination. Production studies in sampling for growth. Timber stands growth modeling and forest production. Growth and production modeling in thinning stands.

ENF 630 Seed Formation and dormancy. Seed formation. Reservations synthesis. Development and regulation. Hormones and development. Dormancy and quiescence basic concepts. Dormancy types. Dormancy control. Dormancy overcoming methods.

ENF 631 Seed germination. Germination environmental control. Germination physiological and metabolic aspects. Germination hormone action.

ENF 632 Trees vegetative propagation. Tree propagation principles. Trees vegetative propagation biology. Vegetative propagation by grafting. Rooted cutting vegetative propagation: plunging and cutting. Vegetative propagation by minicutting and microcutting. Vegetative propagation in vitro: micrografting and micropopagation.

ENF 633 Forest growth and production. Introduction. Propagation phases. Life cycle of trees. Forest vegetative growth. Trees reproductive growth. Physiological processes in trees.

ENF 634 Clonal Silviculture. Clonal propagation biology. Forest improvement strategies and clone selection methods. Clonal tests: goals and procedures. Clonal forests strategies and management: types of plantations and number of clones.

ENF 635 Forest tree improvement. Genetic forest tree improvement; genetic variation; experimental techniques in forest improvement; introduction to quantitative genetics; selection criteria; methods applied to forests; Forest tree improvement strategies.

ENF 636 Tree farming. Species selection. Location selection. Systematization and soil preparation. Fertilization and forest nutrition. Spacing. Planting. Forest maintenance. Thinning. Weanings. Regeneration of forest stands.

ENF 640 Forest Economy. Fores economics introduction. Forest sector importance for the country. Basic concepts of economics applied to the forest sector. Financial mathematics applied to the forest sector. Forest company costs. Forest projects evaluation. Practical applications.

ENF 642 Structure, Dynamics and Management of Native Forests. Vegetation mapping and classification. Native forest structures analysis. 100% inventory with tree mapping. Native forests management plans: technical and legal guidelines. Logging methods and determination in native forests. Regulation of production and sustainability of native forest management. Harvesting systems and silvicultural systems applied to native forests. Monitoring of management plans and continuous forest inventory of native forests. Forest growth and prognosis of native forest production. Assessment of environmental and social impacts of managing native forests. Economic evaluation of management of native forests. Multiple use of native forests. Certification of management of native forests. Restrictions on management of native forest management.

ENF 643 Forest Management. Forest management elements. Growth, production and structure of forest stands. Use of growth and production models in forest management. Forest rotation. Production regulation. Models of decision support in forest management. Forest assessment. Thinning plantations management. Forest management risks and uncertainties.

ENF 644 Forest Optimization. Concept and importance. Linear Programming. Goal programming. Network models. Dynamic programming.

ENF 645 Agroforestry. Agroforestry science and agroforestry systems. Agroforestry systems concepts and classification. Agroforestry systems diagnosis and planning. Agroforestry in the world. Species selection for agroforestry systems. Agroforestry systems experimentation. Agroforestry extension. Agroforestry systems productivity and soil conservation. Agroforestry systems economic analysis.

ENF 646 Forest Planning. Basic concepts. Management functions. Administration process. Forest planning. Forest project evaluation review. Forest projects formulation.

ENF 647 Forest Harvest. Brazilian forest harvest. Mechanization. Log. Extraction. Loading and unloading. Systems. Planning. Costs. Mechanical maintenance. Ergonomics applied to work. Precision forest. Total quality. Soil compaction. Environmental impacts. Outsourcing. Quality of life at work. Integrated management of forest machines.

ENF 649 Forest Ergonomics. Ergonomics introduction. Ergonomic systems approach. Biomechanics occupational. Applied anthropometry. Work physiology. Workstation. Devices controls and information. Environmental factors. Human factors at work. Workplace safety. Organization of work. Ergonomic evaluation of forest operations, machines and equipment.

ENF 650 Wood physics and derivatives. Temperature transfer in wood and wood products. Water-wood relationship. Permeability. Capillary water. Electrical properties of wood and derivatives. Wood fluids flow and supercritical.

ENF 651 Wood mechanical. Wood as a raw material in engineering. Wood technology, physical and mechanical properties. Structural classification. Mechanical Properties – Calculation basis according to NBR7190 and notions about dimensioning of structural elements: beams, columns and flat trusses and roof structures. Mechanical tests and their behavior. Determination of the Elasticity and Rupture Module. Constructive provisions and design and execution standards.

ENF 652 Furniture industry. Brazilian characteristics of furniture activity. Main furniture poles. Economic indicators. Main raw materials. Furniture production processes. Factors inherent in the production processes. Occupational safety and accident prevention.

ENF 653 Wood quality. Wood cell formation. Cell wall structure. Woody cell morphology. Wood properties. Wood qualitative characterization. Wood properties variability. Wood defects. Factors that affect wood quality. Wood quality and use.

ENF 654 Fiber as a raw material. Fiber raw materials used in Brazil. Relationships between wood quality and cellulose properties. Production of wood with desirable qualities for cellulose. Conifers and hardwoods in the manufacture of cellulose and paper. Use of waste in the production of cellulose. Mixture of cellulose. Relationships between cellulose and paper properties. Evaluation of fiber raw material for cellulose production. Abnormal wood pulp.

ENF 660 Wood chemical. Wood chemical constitution. Carbohydrate chemistry. Wood polysaccharides biosynthesis. Cellulose. Hemicelluloses. Lignin. Extractive. Anatomical structure and chemical constitution of the shell. Use of chemical constituents of wood.

ENF 661 Pulping Technology and Chemistry. Basic concepts. Wood yard. Wood pulping methods. Alkaline pulping processes. Alkaline processes chemistry. Kraft process. Recovery of residual kraft liquor. Acid processes. High performance processes.

ENF 662 Cellulose bleach. History and introduction. Bleaching of mechanical and chemical-mechanical pulps. Bleaching of semi-chemical pulps. Bleaching of chemical pulps. Bleached pulps reversal of the whiteness. Bleaching chemicals preparation. Bleaching displacement. Bleaching environmental aspects.

ENF 663 Paper Technology. Paper production technological foundations of mass preparation systems. Scientific principles of refining and / or grinding. Theory of the formation of roles. Technological principles of paper forming machines. Pressing. Pulp and paper drying. Calendering. Paper treatments surface. Technological aspects of cylindrical forming machines. Technical and administrative considerations on economics (efficiency and productivity) of the operation of paper machines.

ENF 664 Paper properties. Paper industry. Paper production fiber resources. Physico-chemical aspects of inter-fiber bonds. Paper structure. Papers physical-mechanical properties. Paper additives. Paper optical properties. Paper coloring.

ENF 665 Energy and material balance in the pulp industry. Introduction to calculations in cellulose and paper engineering. Mass and temperature transfer. Discussion of equipment involved in mass and heat transfer. Material balances applied to the paper pulp industry. Energy balances applied to the pulp and paper industry.

ENF 666 Pulp and paper industry environmental control I and II. Environmental protection basic aspects. Pulp and paper production processes. Water quality and treatment. Liquid effluents quality and treatment. Solid waste management. Atmospheric emissions. Closing of water circuits. Environmental control and sampling program.

ENF 667 Wood adhesives. Adhesion and adhesives basic concept. Urea-formaldehyde adhesives. Phenol-formaldehyde adhesives. Resorcinol based adhesives. Melanin-formaldehyde adhesives. Diisocyanate adhesives. Tannin-based adhesives. Lignin-based adhesives. Carbohydrate-based adhesives.

ENF 668 Wood energy. Wood energy in the Brazilian and global context and biorefinery. Wood properties for energy and roasting. Wood combustion and bioelectricity. Slow and fast Prolysis. Wood gasification. Wood liquefaction. Agroforestry biomass for the production of briquettes and pellets compaction. Environmental impacts of the use of forest biomass for energy.

ENF 669 Chip board and panels. Chip board basic concepts in production and composition. Adhesion history. Plywood manufacture. Chip board production. Wood panels production.

ENF 670 Kraft process chemistry recovery cycle I and II. Chemistry concepts of chemical recovery. Black liquor evaporation and concentration concepts. Non-condensable gases. Chemistry of the recovery process. Preparation of white liquor. The lime oven.

ENF 671 Wood preservation II. How the anatomical and physical characteristics affect the wood preservation?. Wood natural durability. Wood deterioration causes (bacteria, fungi, insects, marine borers, physical, mechanical, chemical and weathering agents). Products conseration and properties. Pressure-free treatment methods (home method). Pressure treatment method (industrial method – autoclave). Wood preservation environmental, economic and legal considerations. Wood’s natural durability evaluation and preserveation efficiency test. Wood preservation economic and legal considerations. Fireproof products. Wood preservation thermal processes. Non-destructive methods of wood health analysis (X-ray disintometry and transversal vibration).

ENF 672 Wood anatomical structure and plants that wood producing. Wood anatomical strutucture and microtechnical elements. Tree growth and wood formation (Annual ring). Hardwood macro and micro structure. Softwood macro and micro structure. Tyloses and Mineral Inclusions: Definition, formation and implications (prismatic crystals, druses and other types of crystals). Woody cell wall chemical composition elements and ultrastructure. Wood anatomical structure defects.

ENF 680 Fire ecology I and II. Fire historical concepts. Forest fire concept; burned; controlled burning and natural burning control. Fire as a natural phenomenon. Factors affecting the fire. Trees and animals fire adaptation: physical characteristics and reproduction processes. Ecological role of fire. Fire effects. Fire and forest succession.

ENF 683 Landscape and Urban Ecosystem Analysis. Introduction on the importance of landscape study. Structure and composition of landscapes. Scales of analysis and interpretation. Landscape ecology. Landscape perception and environmental perception. Metrics and landscape analysis. Landscape analysis in urban ecosystems. Characterization of the urban ecosystem. Urban Forest: essential component of the landscape.

ENF 684 Protected Areas management and planning. Nature conservation and conservation units concepts. Protected area as a conservation strategie. Conservation units management. Protected area management tools.

ENF 686 Environmental management systems II. Environmental issue context. The tool of systemic thinking. Corporate environmentalism. The environmental management system. Environmental programs institutional view. The organizational culture. Environmental programs panning and execution.

ENF 687 Forest Hydrology and drainage basin I. Drainage basin integrated management concepts in the forest sector. Forests and the water cycle. Forest hydrology. Drainage basin integrated management legal bases. Drainage basin morphometry. Forest soils use and conservation. Sources conservation. Drainage basin management expectec results. Case study.

ENF 688 Forestation and reforestation environmental impacts assessment. Introduction. Environmental impacts of the forest implantation stage evaluation. Environmental impacts assessment of the forest maintenance stage. Environmental impacts assessment of the forest harvest stage. Planted forests environmental functions.

ENF 689 Wildlife management topics. Introduction. Wildlife habitat. Habitats assessment models. Wildlife survey. Wildlife Management Techniques.

ENF 740 Forest Economy. Forest projects financial structure. Forest rotation and regulation. Forest stands reform and replacent. Forest products market evolution. Forest company costs. Economic damage assessment. Forest area outsourcing (economic focus). Forest sector risks (economic approach). Forest products productive chains. Forest sector innovation. Forest products alternatives marketing.

ENF 746 Forest planning. Brazilian forestry sector planning. Forest projects size and location. Techniques and / or tools applied in forest planning. Forest company planning concepts.

ENF 750 Renewable natural resources economy I and II. Basic concepts. Circular economy. Sustainable economy. Pollution savings. Pollution market. Optimal taxation and pollution. Environmental standards. Permissible pollution limits. Environmental damage measurement. Environmental valuation methods. Forest and environmental certification. Climate changes. Provision of environmental services. Case studies.

ENF 776, ENF 777, ENF 778 Research internship I, II, III. Graduate student training classes, which allows the student to acquire teaching experience, preparing, planning. The classes are made under the supervision and monitoring of the discipline responsible adviser.

ENF 790, ENF 791, ENF 792 Forest science special topics I, II and III. Non-regular classes with visiting professors from others univesities. Variable content, covering important topics for the global education of the student, not covered in the regular disciplines of UFV.

ENF 796 Special issues 3 (-) I, II and III. The student can have the opportunity to study topics of interest related to the specific area of research and deemed important for their training.

ENF 797 – Seminar

ENF 799 – Research

ENG 641 Hydrology 4 (4-0) I. Water resources management studies. Drainage basin physical characteristiscs. Precipitation. Lake evaporation and evapotranspiration. Water soil infiltration. Water runoff over the soil surface. Water courses studies. Sedimentology.

ENG 675 Biomass as an energy source 4 (2-2) I. Biomass as an energy source. Biomass properties for energy generation. Biomass convertion methodology. Biomass pyrolysis concepts. Biomass burning theoretical and practical aspects. Biomass gasification theoretical and practical aspects. Biomass diferent uses.

ERU 600 Microeconomic theory I. Consumer behavior theory. Generally topics concepts. Company theory. Uncertainty economy decisions. Market prices theoru with perfect and imperfect competition.

ERU 605 Macroeconomic Theory. The state of the art of modern microeconomics. Deterministic dynamic methods in macroeconomics. Exogenous and endogenous growth models. Stochastic growth models.

ERU 626 Econometrics 4. The econometric method. Linear regression model. Econometric problems in the linear model. Use of binary variables in the regression model. Models of distributed lags. Multiequacional models. Time series analysis. Panel data analysis.

ERU 745 Agribusiness economic production. The aggregate production function. The relations of the production functions of the various segments of agribusiness: implications of efficiency and effectiveness of the agroindustrial system. Simulation methods technology and aplication. Economics production concepts review. Production function concepts, their interconnections, estimation problems and their interpretations. The production process from the field to the consumer, with the time. Risk conditions in theory of production. Macroeconomic aspects of production theory and public policies.

EST 620 Applied Statistics I and II. Experiments design. Hypothesis testing. Contrasts. Variance analysis. Experimental designs. Multiple comparisons procedures. Linear regression models. Factorial experiments. Subdivided plots experiments. Surface response. Groups of experiments analysis.

EST 627 Sampling and Non-Parametric Tests I and II. Sampling concepts. Simple casual sampling. Sampling by proportions and percentages. Stratified casual sampling. Sample design. Non-parametric tests.

EST 630 Statistical methods I and II. Mathematical expectance. Variance and Covariance. Hypothesis testing. Parameters estimation. Regression analysis. Regression models identity test. Correlation analysis.

EST 631 Statistical methods I and II. Experimental designs with emphasis on variance components. Data transformation. Subdivided plots experiments. Factorial experiments. Surface response.

EST 635 Spatial Statistics I and II. Probability and Inference Concepts. Spatial description. Spatial autocorrelation. Spatial autocorrelation tests. Semivariograms and Crossvariograms. Linear prediction and Kriging. Cross validation. Anisotropy. Block Kriging and Cokriging. Regression with spatially correlated autocorrelated errors. Experimental designs analysis with spatial correlation. Spatial sampling.

EST 640 Linear models I and II. Real matrix generalized inverse. Linear equations systems. Quadratic shapes and distributions. Regression models or full station models. Correlation. Models of experimental designs.

EST 641 Linear Models II 4 I and II. Incomplete blocks models. Square lattices outlines. Models with hierarchical classification. Models with two criteria of cross classification with equal and unequal numbers in the sub-classes. Covariance analysis. Variance components. Mixed models.

FIT 600 Soil Management and Conservation I. Natural phenomenum that cause soil deterioration, in order to understand the principles on which their management and conservation are based. Soil conservation methodology. Agricultural planning elements, using the soil conservation criterion. Aerial photography in management and conservation.

FIT 632 Vegetal cell and Tissue Culture 3 (2-2) I. Vegetal cells and tissue culture retrospective. In vitro morphogenesis and control methodologies. Plant cell and tissue culture applications. Nutrients preparation and composition. In vitro culture stages. Factors affecting in vitro culture.

FIT 710 Soil plant relationship II. Soil as a nutrient medium for plants. How the internal and external factors affect the root development?. Root soil interface in nutrient absorption. Rhizosphere microbiota. Plants adaptation to adverse soil environments.

INF 682 Optimization I. Linear optimization. Whole and mixed optimization. Multicriteria optimization.

INF 683 Optimization I and II. Whole and mixed linear optimization. Network optimization. Nonlinear optimization.

LET 610 English class I and II. Vocabulary. Linguistic structures study. Academic speaking studies. Reading and comprehension techniques application for technical and scientific texts.

QUI 633 Physical methods for organic compounds identification. Spectroscopy in the ultraviolet and visible region. Infrared spectroscopy. Mass spectrometry. Nuclear magnetic resonance. Elucidation of the structure of organic compounds by analyzis.

QUI 715 Sample prepare and chromatography analysis II. Preparation of samples preparing for analysis made using chromatography gas. Methods of extraction and purification of organic substances. Chromatography gas analysis. Discussion of current topics related to sample preparation and chromatographic analysis.

SOL 645 Forest ecosystems soils I. Forest soils concepts. Soils, forest and tree nutrition in the face of environmental problems. Soils associated with forest biomes. Forest plots productivity and classification. Forest growth dynamic. Soil properties and forest growth. Biomass and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. Forest species mineral nutrition. Fertilizing forests: nursery and field. Fertilization of forest species. Intensive forest management and sustaining soil productivity.

SOL 646 Degraded areas recovery II. Characterization of Degraded area (AD). Sources of environmental degradation, exploitation of minerals and the environment. Objectives of AD recovery. Plan for the recovery of degraded areas-PRAD. Soil formation processes and RAD. Geomorphology and topographic reconstruction in the context of RAD. Sulfide geochemistry and generation of acid drainage. Topsoil storage and return and use of litter. Revegetation and ecological principles applied to RAD. Monitoring and evaluation of the RAD process.

SOL 670 Soil Fertility 5 (5-0) I. Soil fertility in the historical and current context. Soil fertility concepts. Nutrients in the continuous soil-solution. Soil acidity and its correction. Nitrogen. Phosphor. Potassium. Sulfur. Micronutrients. Fertility assessment by chemical soil analysis. Improved fertility soils. Nutritional diagnosis of plants. Mathematical modeling in soil fertility.


Department of Forestry Engineering

Avenida P. H. Rolfs, no number

University Campus

Reinaldo de Jesus Araújo Building

36.570-900 – Viçosa – MG – Brazil

Phone: (31) 3612-4161

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